Putting a wonderful process in motion means taking into account any illnesses or complications. A constant medical control, mother and child, is essential to avoid typical diseases of pregnancy.
Each organism is different from others and sometimes pregnancy can meet complications, risks or pathologies. The causes may be different, the abuse of certain substances for old age. If you have decided to have a child, it is important to be informed about the diseases of pregnancy.
During the nine months of pregnancy, a medical team is at our disposal to monitor the evolution of the mother and child. However, there is always the risk of developing some typical pregnancy diseases.
It is one of the most common disorders during pregnancy and is defined as the significant reduction of red blood cells. Anemia causes a deficit of iron in the blood, an element that our body cannot produce and therefore must be obtained through food.
The symptoms of anemia are: paleness, extreme fatigue, tachycardia and abnormal growth of the fetus. The recommended treatment is the consumption of iron supplements, vitamin B12, folic acid or blood transfusions.
It manifests with cough, headache, fever, conjunctivitis, swallowed lymph nodes, and face and body rashes. Rosolia in pregnancy can seriously undermine the health of the child who does not yet have sufficient antibodies.
If the mother is not vaccinated, she will first have to avoid any contact with people with Rosolia. If, instead, she contracts the disease, the doctor will prescribe an immunoglobulin-based treatment; After delivery, she will be invited to be vaccinated to avoid any relapse.
3. Infections or other vaginal diseases
Symptoms are redness, irritation, itching, pain, burning, swelling of the vagina and external genitalia. The greatest predisposition is explained by hormonal changes. Fortunately, these infections do not involve the child, since the uterus is a closed system that prevents the passage of bacteria inside.
The important thing is to understand if the losses are different from the usual gynecological visit and the pound as soon as possible. The most effective therapies are vaginal probiotics, bactericidal antifungals, or locations.
It must be remembered that such an infection makes the medical treatment also for the partner who may have contracted the disease and meet the expectant mother.
4. Gestational diabetes
it develops in the second trimester of pregnancy and is one of the diseases of pregnancy that affects 1 to 3% of women. The main cause is high blood sugar levels. If you do not intervene in time, it can lead to problems such as fetal overgrowth, pre-eclampsia, and hypoglycemia.
You can avoid this condition with a balanced diet and exercise program calibrated in the week of gestation and blood tests. In case of need, the doctor prescribes insulin therapy.
5. Hypertension, one of the diseases of pregnancy
There are three ways:
- chronic: develops before the twentieth week of gestation or sometimes before pregnancy. In some cases, it is precisely during prenatal care that the woman perceives the problem.
- gestational: Usually occurs in the final phase of pregnancy. There are no associated symptoms.
- Pregnancy-induced hypertension or preeclampsia (toxemia): occurs in the twentieth week of gestation. Change protein values in urine and blood.
6. Group B streptococcal infections
This is a bacterial strain found in the intestine, in the rectum and in the vagina. About 25% of women are carriers of type b strep; By infecting the child, it can cause septicemia, pneumonia and meningitis.
The symptomatology can take three to four months before manifesting. Although this type of infection is serious and even fatal, it can be resolved quickly with the appropriate medications and antibiotics.
How to prevent pregnancy diseases?
Healthy habits and medical check-ups are the most effective way to avoid any problem before, during and after pregnancy. It is essential to follow the instructions of the gynecologist and understand that the priority is even the well-being of the child and the mother.
It may interest you… Read more Sanisciatica in pregnancy: what it is and how to control it
Sciata in pregnancy is a common disorder. With the right precautions, you can keep it under control and prevent it from affecting your life…