Treatment in case of hyperuricemia has two objectives: to increase the excretion of uric acid through the urine and to process a personalized diet.
High levels of uric acid in the body are associated with poor nutrition, because they produce purines mostly in food. Following this, we explain how to lower uric acid through proper nutrition.
This acid is naturally present in our body, but its concentrations increase after eating certain foods. 80% of uric acid levels, in fact, can be kept under control after a special diet.
High uric acid: what does it mean?
Hyperuricemia is the technical term used to indicate excessive amounts of uric acid in the blood. The most feared symptom of this disease is a gout attack due to uric acid deposits in the joints. Falling causes intense pain that should be avoided at all costs.
Thanks to a correct diet, planned by a nutritionist, it is possible to reduce uric acid in the blood and have more control of the situation to avoid gout attacks.
What uric acid values should be considered high?
According to health professionals, normal uric acid levels range from 2.4 to 5.7 mg/dL in women and 3.4 to 7.0 mg/dL in men. Any value above this limit is considered an index of hyperuricemia and must be treated in time before the worst situation occurs.
What foods to lower uric acid?
In case of hyperuricemia, it will be necessary to reduce the consumption of foods rich in purine, since its breakdown within the body increases uric acid levels.
purina low food
Some foods have low concentrations of purines in their composition and, therefore, can be included without problems in the diet of those suffering from hyperuricemia:
- Dairy products
- vegetables, except those that we present in the following paragraph.
- roots and tubers
- Fruits rich in vitamin C
- Nuts without salt
It is good to clarify that all foods contain purines in smaller or larger quantities. However, it is possible to maintain stable levels in the body thanks to a proper food plan.
Food with a medium purine content
Now we will see the list of foods with small purine concentrations and whose consumption can be flexible. In other words, these foods can be provided in their own power, but they should not be abused:
- White meat
- mushrooms and asparagus
- Legumi, Made the exception of beans and lentils
What foods do you want to lower uric acid in the blood?
Foods rich in purines to avoid are those that contain animal fats. These include interior broths, concentrates, sauces, and soups based on beef stew. Fish consumption should also be controlled, especially blue fish: sardines, anchovies, anchovies, salmon, shrimp or mackerel.
It is advisable to avoid the consumption of alcohol and processed products if we want to reduce the hedgehog in the body or to prevent hyperuricemia. It will be better to eliminate them completely or drastically reduce consumption.
Aspects to consider to reduce uric acid
Fruit consumption should be moderate because despite being healthy (it contains a reduced concentration of purines), it has high concentrations of fructose, which stimulate purine production in the body.
Also the cooking mode can make a difference in the case of hyperuricemia. By boiling the food you get a reduction in the purines in them. For example, boiling or cooking a dish is a better option than setting it.
The drink par excellence that cannot be missed is water. We need to try to drink at least 2 liters of water a day, according to expert indications. If we follow a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, as well as consomer broths, soups or infusions, let’s not forget to offer water to our body.
Although these tips can help reduce uric acid, it is important to consult your doctor to receive the most appropriate treatment for your health conditions.
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- Alvarez-Lario, B., Alonso-Valdivielso, JL (2022). Hierurgemia and gout: The Role of Diet. Hospital Nutriceon, 29 (4), 760-770.
- Menéndez, E., Milán, C., Alasia, F. Carreras, R., Casonú, M. Cipres, m… Elbert, AE (2022). Nutrition and hyperuricemia. Journal of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplano, 36(4), 246-252.